Poe, Edgar Allan

Poe, Edgar Allan
(1809-1849)
   Poet and writer of tales, was b. at Boston, where his parents, who were both actors, were temporarily living. He was left an orphan in early childhood in destitute circumstances, but was adopted by a Mr. Allan of Richmond, Virginia. By him and his wife he was treated with great indulgence, and in 1815 accompanied them to England, where they remained for five years, and where he received a good education, which was continued on their return to America, at the Univ. of Virginia. He distinguished himself as a student, but got deeply into debt with gaming, which led to his being removed. In 1829 he pub. a small vol. of poems containing Al Araaf and Tamerlane. About the same time he proposed to enter the army, and was placed at the Military Academy at West Point. Here, however, he grossly neglected his duties, and fell into the habits of intemperance which proved the ruin of his life, and was in 1831 dismissed. He then returned to the house of his benefactor, but his conduct was so objectionable as to lead to a rupture. In the same year P. pub. an enlarged ed. of his poems, and in 1833 was successful in a competition for a prize tale and a prize poem, the tale being the MS. found in a Bottle, and the poem The Coliseum. In the following year Mr. Allan d. without making any provision for P., and the latter, being now thrown on his own resources, took to literature as a profession, and became a contributor to various periodicals. In 1836 he entered into a marriage with his cousin Virginia Clemm, a very young girl, who continued devotedly attached to him notwithstanding his many aberrations, until her death in 1847. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym appeared in 1838, and in 1839 P. became ed. of the Gentleman's Magazine, in which appeared as Tales of the Arabesque and Grotesque many of his best stories. In 1845 his famous poem, The Raven, came out, and in 1848 Eureka, a Prose Poem, a pseudo-scientific lucubration. The death of his wife gave a severe shock to his constitution, and a violent drinking bout on a visit to Baltimore led to his death from brain fever in the hospital there. The literary output of P., though not great in volume, limited in range, and very unequal in merit, bears the stamp of an original genius. In his poetry he sometimes aims at a musical effect to which the sense is sacrificed, but at times he has a charm and a magic melody all his own. His better tales are remarkable for their originality and ingenuity of construction, and in the best of them he rises to a high level of imagination, as in The House of Usher, while The Gold Beetle or Golden Bug is one of the first examples of the cryptogram story; and in The Purloined Letters, The Mystery of Marie Roget, and The Murders in the Rue Morgue he is the pioneer of the modern detective story.
   Life, Woodberry (American Men of Letters). Works ed. by Woodberry and Stedman (10 vols.), etc.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poe,Edgar Allan — Poe (pō), Edgar Allan. 1809 1849. American writer known especially for his macabre poems, such as “The Raven” (1845), and short stories, including “The Fall of the House of Usher” (1839). * * * …   Universalium

  • Poe, Edgar Allan — born Jan. 19, 1809, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1849, Baltimore, Md. U.S. poet, critic, and short story writer. Poe was raised by foster parents in Richmond, Va., following his mother s death in 1811. He briefly attended the University of… …   Universalium

  • Poe, Edgar Allan —    (1809–1849),    American author and predominant literary influence on HPL, who read him beginning at the age of eight. Poe pioneered the short story, the short horror tale, and the detective story; he was also an important poet, critic, and… …   An H.P.Lovecraft encyclopedia

  • Poe, Edgar Allan — ► (1809 49) Literato estadounidense. Su fama se debe sobre todo a sus cuentos, mezcla de intelectualismo y horror: El escarabajo de oro, Los crímenes de la calle Morgue, El corazón delator, etc. Sus poemas se distinguen por la musicalidad y la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • POE, EDGAR ALLAN —    an American poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts; a youth of wonderful genius, but of reckless habits, and who came to an unhappy and untimely end; left behind him tales and poems, which, though they were not appreciated when he lived, have… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Poe, Edgar Allan —  (1809–1849) American poet and short story writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Edgar Allan Poe — 1848 (Daguerreotypie) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edgar Allan Poe dans la culture populaire — Edgar Allan Poe L écrivain en novembre 1848, daguerréotype de W.S. Hartshorn, Providence, Rhode Island Autres noms …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edgar Allan Poe Museum (Richmond, Virginia) — Poe Museum Established 1922 Location 1914 E. Main St., Richmond, Virginia Type Biographical museum Curator Chris Semtner Website …   Wikipedia

  • Edgar Allan Poe Museum — or Edgar Allan Poe House could refer to several museums dedicated to author Edgar Allan Poe:*Edgar Allan Poe Museum (Richmond), in Richmond, Virginia *Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *Edgar Allan Poe House… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”